Relative clouse’lu (who whom whose which why when how) kaldırıp yerine bu şekilde participles’lı cümleler kurabiliriz.
Present participles → Ving
Past participles → V3
Perfect participles → having V3 → → perfect participle possive → having been V3
perfect continious participles → having been Ving
Not : Present participles ve past participles dediğimiz zamanlar aklımıza : (Simple present),(simple continious),(simple past),(past continious),(future) bu zamanlar gelecek.
These are the teachers. They work in that course.
These are the teachers who in that course.
These are the teachers working in that course.
He was the robber.He robbed the bank.
He was the robber
who robbed the bank.
He was the robber robbing the bank.
This is the wase. It was broken yesterday.
This is the wase
which was broken yesterday.
This is the vase broken yesterday.
These are students
who are tought english.
These are the student tought english.
This is my dog
which is liked by us.
This is my dog liked by us.
*Perfect participles (having V3)
She is the student
who has been learning.English for 3 month.
She is the student having been learning english for month.
They are the student
who have just met me.
They are the students having just met me.
After she had solved the problems she got a relaxed.
Having solved the problems,she got relaxed.
*Perfect participles possive (having been V3)
These are the people
who have been invited to the meeting.
These are the people having been invited to the meeting.
Bu bana babam tarafından gönderilen yılbaşı kartı.
This is the christmas card
which has been sent to me by my father.
This is the christmas card having been sent to me by my father.