Participles

Relative clouse’lu (who whom whose which why when how)  kaldırıp yerine bu şekilde participles’lı cümleler kurabiliriz.

Present participles → Ving
Past participles → V3
Perfect participles → having V3 → → perfect participle possive → having been V3
perfect continious participles → having been Ving

Not : Present participles ve past participles dediğimiz zamanlar aklımıza : (Simple present),(simple continious),(simple past),(past continious),(future) bu zamanlar gelecek.

*Present participles:
These are the teachers. They work in that course.
These are the teachers who in that course.
These are the teachers working in that course.

He was the robber.He robbed the bank.
He was the robber who robbed the bank.
He was the robber robbing the bank.

*Past participles:
This is the wase. It was broken yesterday.
This is the wase which was broken yesterday.
This is the vase broken yesterday.

These are students who are tought english.
These are the student tought english.

This is my dog which is liked by us.
This is my dog liked by us.

*Perfect participles (having V3)
She is the student who has been learning.English for 3 month.
She is the student having been learning english for month.

They are the student who have just met me.
They are the students having just met me.

After she had solved the problems she got a relaxed.
Having solved the problems,she got relaxed.

*Perfect participles possive (having been V3)
These are the people who have been invited to the meeting.
These are the people having been invited to the meeting.

Bu bana babam tarafından gönderilen yılbaşı kartı.
This is the christmas card which has been sent to me by my father.
This is the christmas card having been sent to me by my father.

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