Kural1: Pozitif cümleler negatif, Negatif cümleler pozitif olur.
Kural2: Kurulan cümle bir önceki zamana alınarak kurulur. Ancak kullanılan zaman zarfları değişmez,aynı kalır.
Simple present tense → Simple past tense
Present continious tense→ Past continious tense
Simple past tense → Past perfect tense
Past continious tense → Past perfect continious tense
Present perfect tense→ Past perfect tense
Present perfect continious tense→ Past perfect continious tense
Past perfect tense→ Past perfect tense
Past perfect continious tense→ Past perfect continious tense
Not: Bir önceki zamana(one tense back) alırken ; Simple gördüğümüz yere past,
Past gördüğümüz yerde de past’ın yanına perfect ekliyoruz…
Not: “I wish” ve “If only” aynı anlama gelir. Birbirlerinin yerine kullanılabilirler.
She hasn’t worked over these project enough.
I wish she had worked over these project enough.
I will fly to london tomorrow.
I wish I wouldn’t fly to london tomorrow.
They can easily solve this problem
If only they couldn’t easily solve this problem.
Not: Couldn’t tan sonra fiil gelirse her zaman V1 alır.
She has been living in beşiktaş for twelwe years.
I wish she hadn’t been living in beşiktaş for twelwe years.
I have already finished my meal.
I wish hadn’t finished my meal.
She isn’t studying german now.
I wish she was studying german now.
She hasn’t been hearing from me so far.
I wish she had been hearing from me so far.
You must conform the company rules.
I wish you didn’t have to conform the company rules.
She had seen this film before I arrived.
If only she hadn’t seen this film before I arrived.
She may not go out without me.
I wish she might go out without me.
My mather is retired.
I wish were not retired.
I am very tired now.
I wish I weren’t very tired now.
Not : Bir önceki zaman alırken; will → would +V1 / may → might / must → had to → didn’t have to şekline dönüşür.
|Enough: yeterli||Solve: çözmek||Up until now: şu ana kadar||Without: meksizin,maksızın|
|Over: bitti||Meal: yemek||So far: şu ana kadar||Conform/obey : uymak|
|Easily: kolaylıkla||Hearing from:haber almak||Retire: emekli||Company: şirket|