a ) İndirect speech (Emir cümleleri)
b ) Positives and negatives (Olumlu/Olumsuz cümleler)
c ) Questions (Soru cümleleri)
a) Indirect speech
Open the door.
He said to me to open the door.
Come to the lesson on time.
My teacher said to me to come to the lesson on time.
Close the windows.
He said to me to close the windows.
Dont speak to me.
She said to me not to speak to her.
Dont interrupt him.
My mother said to me not to interrupt him.
b) Positives and negatives : Pozitif ve negatif cümlelerde aktarma yapılırken başka bir zamana geçer. Bir önceki zamanda kullanılır.
simple present tense → simple past tense.
present continious tense → past continiuos tense
present perfect tense → past perfect tense
present perfect continious tense → Past perfect continious tense
simple past tense → past perfect tense
past continious tense → past perfect continious
past perfect tense → past perfect tense
past perfect continious → past perfect continious
I go to work everyday.
She said to me she went to work every day. (s.present→s.past)
I am walking around in taksim now.
He said to me her was walking around in taskim then. (present continious→past continious)
She slept a lot yesterday.
My mother said that she had slept a lot the previous day. (simple past → past perfect)
She worked over these project for 3 months.
He claimed that she had worked over these project ….. (present perfect→ past perfect)
I can play guitar well.
She said to me she could play guitar well. (can → could)
I will explain this unit to you tomorrow.
She mentioned that she would explain that unit to me the following day. (will→ would)
She had misunderstood her mother before she called her.
He said that she had misunderstood her mother before she had called her.
When I flew to the united kingdom she had just arrived.
They said that when they had flown to he united kingdom, she had just arrived.
If I were you, I would sleep early.
She said to me if she were me she would sleep early.
Do you believe in love ?
She asked to me if I believed in love.
Are you working now ?
He asked to me if I was working then.
Have you wacthed this film,yet.
She ased if I had watched than film,yet.
Will she explain the reason ?
She asked if she would explain the reason?
Why are you crying ?
She asked to me why I was crying ?
Who do you live with ?
She asked who I lived with ?
|On time : zamanında||He said to me : bana dedi ki||Would rather : tercih etmek||Then : o zaman, o halde,sonra|
|İnterrupt :rahatsız etmek||Around : etrafına ,etrafında||Prefer : tercih etmek||Reason : neden ,sebep|