Passive voice(edilgen çatı) aktif cümleleri pasifleştirmek için kullanırız.
Subject → Active
Aktif cümlelerde özne başa gelir. Yüklemde yapılan eylemi subject üstlenir.
Object → Passive
Pasif cümlelerde object başa gelir.Yüklemde yapılan eylemi üstlenmiş gibi görünür ama üstlenmez.
Active cümle → → Ben hergün bir kutu kola içerim.
Passive cümle →→ Hergün bir kutu kola benim tarafından içilir.
CUMLE YAPISI ————-
Passive (be + V3)
Simple present tense → am/is/are + V3
Simple past tense → was/were + v3
Future Tense → will + be + V3
Present perfect → have/has + been + V3
Past perfect → had + been + V3
Present continious → am/is/are + being + V3
Not : Passive voice’deki (-be) yerine hangi zamanda kullanılıyorsa o zamanın yardımcı fiilleri gelir.
*Simple present tense (be + V3 ) = (am/is/are + V3)
I buy a new carr every year. (active)
A new car is bought every year by me. (passive)
She gives some money to me.
Some money is given to me.
*Simple past tense (be + V3) = (was/were + V3)
I bought a new car last week.(active)
A new car was bought last week by me.(passive)
He sent a letter to her yesterday.
A letter was sent to her yesterday by him.
*Past continious tense (be + V3) = (was/were being + V3)
While I was listening to music,her came. (active)
While music was being listened by me,she came.(passive)
While they were cooking macaroni,my mather was watching them.
While macaroni was being cooked by them,they were being wacthed by my mather.
*Present continious tense (be + V3) = (am/is/are being + V3)
I am buying a bunch of flowers now.(active)
A bunch of flowers is being bought now by me.(passive)
*Present perfect tense (be + V3) = (have/has been + V3)
I have discuessed about this topic recently.(active)
This topic has been discussed about recently by me.
*Past perfect tense (be+ V3) = (had been + V3)
After I had contrelled the exams I distributed hem to my students.(active)
After the exam had been controlled by me they were distributed to my student by me. (passive)
Future tense (be + V3) = (will be + V3)
I will study english tomorrow (active)
English will be studied tomarrow by me (passive)
Bu decor yarın düzenlenecek.
This decor will be arranged tomorrow.
Model verbs (be + V3) = (model + be + V3)
I can play guitar well.
Guitar can be played me.
We must obey the rules.
The rules must be obeyed by us.
Mixed Examples :
The teacher explains this unit every year. (simple present tense- active )
This unit is explained every year by the teacher. (simple presnet tense- passive )
They questioned the thief last week. (past tense- active)
The thief was questioned last week by them. (past tense- passive)
He will work over this project next week. (future tense- active)
This project will be worked over next week by him. (future tense- passive)
My mather hasn’t called my brother, yet (present perfect- active)
My brother hasn’t been called,yet by my mather. (present perfect- passive)
She didn’t study english for the exam. (past tense- active)
English wasn’t studied for the exam by her. (past tense- passive)
Şehir askerler tarafından korundu. (passive)
The city was protected by the soldiers. (passive)
Arkadaşlarım tarafından anlaşılamıyorum.(passive)
I can not be understood by my friends.(passive)
Suçlular polis tarafından tutuklandı. (passive)
The criminals were arrested by the police (passive)
Araba çalıştırılmadan önce kontrol edilmelidir. (passive)
Before a car is started, it should be controlled.(passive)
Geçen hafta teklif iptal edildi. (passive)
The after was cancelled last week. (passive)
Madalya dün en iyi futbolcuya verildi. (passive)
The madal was given to the best footballer yesterday. (passive)
Toplantı ertelendikten sonra biz eve gittik. (passive)
After the meating had been delayed we went home.(passive)
Ona şimdi aşı yapılıryor. (passive)
she is being injected now. (passive)
The letter wasn’t sent to me.
I wasn’t sent the letter.
Not : Yukarıdaki cümlenin ikisi de aynı anlama gelir. Send-Give-Show kullanılırken object yada subject başa gelir.
Not2 : Can/ should / Must kullanıldığında (be) yanında kullanılmalı.
by me (I) → benim tarafımdan
by him / by her (he,she) → onun tarafından
by it (it) → onun tarafından
by us (we) bizim tarafımızdan
by you (you) senin tarafından
by them (they) onlar tarafından
|Explain : açıklama,anlatma||Protect : korumak||Punishment : ceza||Delay :Erteleme|
|Question : sorgulamak||Call : aramak||Criminal : suçlular||Take : almak|
|Over : bitmiş, sona ermiş||Soldier : asker||Arrest : tutuklama||Give :vermek|
|Over (edat): üzerinde||Army : ordu||Offer :Teklif||İnject : aşı yapmak|
|By : tarafından||Crime : suç||Cancel : iptal||Meating :toplantı|